Stage I, Stage IIa and Stage IIb diagnoses of prostate cancer are categorically local to the prostate. This means the tumour resides in the prostate gland or prostate region, and is often detected through physical examination (digital rectal exam), needle biopsy or through imaging. This provides physicians with an opportunity to administer curative treatment through surgery or radiotherapy, which do have associated side-effects. If your diagnosis is Stage I and viewed to be low-grade and low-risk, your physician may recommend active surveillance to delay the onset of side-effects associated with other treatment options until a time they are required. There are many factors that contribute to these decisions, including your age and any other diseases or conditions you might have. If you wish to learn more, discuss this with your consulting physician.
The side-effects associated with surgery and radiotherapy treatments may transiently influence your ability to participate in exercise, or may require slight modifications to the exercise program during periods where treatments are being administered. For specific details concerning potential side-effects concerning each treatment method, refer to the surgical and radiotherapy sections; however, the general expectation is to commence exercise prior to, during and after treatments at the beginner level, with the permission of your consulting physician. Discuss any potential medical limitations with your physician prior to meeting with your accredited exercise physiologist.